Barlow, Peter

Barlow, Peter
SUBJECT AREA: Ports and shipping
b. 13 October 1776 Norwich, England
d. 1 March 1862 Kent, England
English mathematician, physicist and optician.
Barlow had little formal academic education, but by his own efforts rectified this deficiency. His contributions to various periodicals ensured that he became recognized as a man of considerable scientific understanding. In 1801, through competitive examination, he became Assistant Mathematics Master at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, and some years later was promoted to Professor. He resigned from this post in 1847, but retained full salary in recognition of his many public services.
He is remembered for several notable achievements, and for some experiments designed to overcome problems such as the deviation of compasses in iron ships. Here, he proposed the use of small iron plates designed to overcome other attractions: these were used by both the British and Russian navies. Optical experiments commenced around 1827 and in later years he carried out tests to optimize the size and shape of many parts used in the railways that were spreading throughout Britain and elsewhere at that time.
In 1814 he published mathematical tables of squares, cubes, square roots, cube roots and reciprocals of all integers from 1 to 10,000. This volume was of great value in ship design and other engineering processes where heavy numerical effort is required; it was reprinted many times, the last being in 1965 when it had been all but superseded by the calculator and the computer. In the preface to the original edition, Barlow wrote, "the only motive which prompted me to engage in this unprofitable task was the utility that I conceived might result from my labour… if I have succeeded in facilitating abstruse arithmetical calculations, then I have obtained the object in view."
Principal Honours and Distinctions
FRS 1823; Copley Medal (for discoveries in magnetism) 1825. Honorary Member, Institution of Civil Engineers 1820.
1811, An Elementary Investigation of the Theory of Numbers.
1814, Barlow's Tables (these have continued to be published until recently, one edition being in 1965 (London: Spon); later editions have taken the integers up to 12,500).
1817, Essay on the Strength of Timber and Other Materials.
Further Reading
Dictionary of National Biography.

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barlow, Peter — ▪ English optician and mathematician born October 13, 1776, Norwich, Norfolk, England died March 1, 1862, Kent       optician (optics) and mathematician who invented two varieties of achromatic (non colour distorting) telescope lenses known as… …   Universalium

  • Peter Barlow — Peter Barlow. Peter Barlow (* 13. Oktober 1776 in Norwich; † 1. März 1862 in Kent) war ein britischer Mathematiker und Physiker. Leben Im Jahr 1806 bekam er auf Empfehlung einen Lehrauftrag (assistant mathemati …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Barlow — (Peter) (1776 1862) physicien anglais. La roue de Barlow (1828) fut considérée comme le premier moteur électrique …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Peter Barlow — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Barlow. Peter Barlow Peter Barlow Naissance 13 octobre  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Barlow — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Barlow peut désigner : Toponyme Barlow est le nom de plusieurs villes d Angleterre et des États Unis Barlow (Derbyshire) Barlow (North Yorkshire)… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Barlow'sches Rad — Das Barlow sche Rad war die erste Unipolarmaschine. Realisiert wurde es von Peter Barlow 1822. Das Barlow Rad Eine horizontal gelagerte, massive Scheibe aus gut leitfähigem Nichteisenmetall (z. B. Kupfer oder Aluminium) wird von einem Magnetfeld… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Barlow-Linse — Strahlengang ohne (rot) und mit (grün) der Barlow Linse Shapleylinse Die Barlowlinse ist eine nach ihrem Erfinder Peter Barlow benannte Linse, die die …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peter W. Barlow — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Barlow. Peter Barlow (1er février 1809 19 mai 1885) fut un ingénieur anglais né à Woolwich. Il est surtout connu pour la construction de ponts comme le Lambeth Bridge au dessus de la Tamise où …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Peter W. Barlow — Peter William Barlow (1 February 1809 19 May 1885) was an English civil engineer, born at Woolwich, particularly associated with bridges (he designed the first Lambeth Bridge, a crossing of the River Thames in London), the design of tunnels and… …   Wikipedia

  • Barlow (surname) — Barlow is a place name and a family name. The name is English in origin, meaning [lives on] the bare hill . The ancestry of most Barlows traces back to the North West of England.People*Clarence Barlow, composer of classical and electroacoustic… …   Wikipedia

  • Barlow — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alan Barlow (1881–1968), britischer Staatsbeamter und Kunstsammler Alby Barlow, australischer Radrennfahrer Barriemore Barlow (* 1949), britischer Schlagzeuger und Perkussionist Bradley Barlow (1814–1889) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”